Pharmacist-led intervention reduced inappropriate medication prescriptions
An outpatient pharmacy-led intervention of notifying prescribing physicians to discontinue inappropriate Beers Criteria medications resulted in a greater discontinuation of inappropriate medications for older adults at 6 months, compared with the control group (43% vs. 12% discontinuation).
Citation: Martin P et al. Effect of a pharmacist-led educational intervention on inappropriate medication prescriptions in older adults: The D-PRESCRIBE randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2018;320(18):1889-98.
Omadacycline noninferior for community-acquired pneumonia and acute bacterial soft tissue skin infections
Randomized, double-blind, double-dummy trials showed omadacycline is a noninferior alternative to moxifloxacin for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and to linezolid for acute bacterial soft-tissue skin infections.
Citation: Nuzyra (omadacycline) [package insert]. Boston, MA: Paratek Pharmaceuticals. 2018.
Lack of evidence to support low-salt diet in adult heart failure patients
Systematic review of multiple databases demonstrated there is limited high-quality evidence to support current guidelines that recommend a low-salt diet to heart failure patients.
Citation: Mahtani KR et al. Reduced salt intake for heart failure: A systematic review. JAMA Int Med. 2018;178(12):1693-700.
Magnesium for rate control in rapid atrial fibrillation
Randomized, controlled trial demonstrated that intravenous magnesium sulfate in combination with atrioventricular (AV) nodal blocking agents resulted in better rate control for atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response than did placebo given in combination with AV nodal blocking agents.
Citation: Bouida W et al. Low-dose magnesium sulfate versus high-dose in the early management of rapid atrial fibrillation: Randomized controlled double-blind study (LOMAGHI Study). Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Feb;26(2):183-91.
Low versus intermediate tidal volume strategy on ventilator-free days in ICU patients without ARDS
Randomized, clinical trial of low tidal volume versus intermediate tidal volume strategies in invasively ventilated patients without accute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) demonstrated no difference in number of ventilator-free days, ICU length of stay, hospital length of stay, incidence of ventilator-associated adverse events (ARDS, pneumonia, severe atelectasis, pneumothorax), or 28-day mortality.
Citation: Writing Group for the PReVENT Investigators, Simonis FD, Serpa Neto A. Effect of a low vs intermediate tidal volume strategy on ventilator-free days in intensive care unit patients without ARDS: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2018;320(18):1872-80.