The Food And Drug Administration has approved the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor dapagliflozin () for reducing the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in adults with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors, according to a from AstraZeneca.
The approval was based on results from thecardiovascular outcomes trial, which evaluated dapagliflozin in more than 17,000 patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors or cardiovascular disease. They showed that dapagliflozin significantly reduced the risk of the primary composite endpoint of hospitalization for heart failure by 27%, compared with placebo (2.5% vs. 3.3%; HR, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.61-0.88).
The drug is an oral, once-daily SGLT2 inhibitor initially approved as a monotherapy or combination therapy for glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. It has additional benefits of weight loss and reduction in blood pressure in concert with diet and exercise in the same population.
In September, the agency granted dapagliflozin a Fast Track designation to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death, or the worsening of heart failure in adults with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction or preserved ejection fraction, based on the phase 3and DELIVER trials. It also gave the drug Fast Track designation to delay the progression of renal failure and prevent CV and renal death in patients with chronic kidney disease based on the phase 3 DAPA-CKD trial, the statement noted.