BOSTON – Treatment of persons who inject drugs, updates in pangenotypic direct-acting antiviral therapy, the benefits of sustained virologic response, and preemptive therapy in donor-positive organ transplantation topped the list of notable hepatitis C–related abstracts this year at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
That’s according to Marc Ghany, MD, of the liver diseases branch of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases at the National Institutes of Health, who gave a hepatitis C debrief to attendees on the final day of the meeting. Here are some of the meeting highlights as summarized by Dr. Ghany in this well-attended last-day session.
Treatment of HCV in people who inject drugs
Emerging data suggest it is feasible to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in persons who inject drugs (PWIDs); however, overcoming adherence issues remains a challenge, Dr. Ghany told attendees.
According to one study presented at AASLD by Dhiman and coauthors (Abstract 0165), decentralized care of PWIDs using direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy was safe and effective, even in those with cirrhosis. Authors demonstrated an “impressive” rate of sustained virologic response at 12 weeks (SVR12) of 91% by a modified intention-to-treat analysis, Dr. Ghany said; however, treatment interruptions were frequent and reduced the overall SVR rate in the study to 78%.
Other studies at the meeting looked at strategies to improve DAA efficacy in this population of patients at high risk of nonadherence, including use of a digital medicine program (Abstract 1554) and a model of care in which an internist-addiction medicine specialist evaluated opiate-dependent patients for HCV infection in a hepatology clinic (Abstract 1589).
Reinfection remains a focus of research in PWIDs. At this meeting, Janjua and coauthors reported that DAA-treated PWIDs in British Columbia had a threefold higher rate of reinfection versus non-PWIDs; however, there were no detected reinfections among PWIDs who had received uninterrupted opioid agonist therapy. “These data suggested that opioid agonist therapy should be given before and after HCV treatment in persons who inject drugs to prevent the infection,” Dr. Ghany said in his presentation.
Updates on pangenotypic DAA therapy
Jonas and coauthors (Abstract 1551) reported on the safety and efficacy of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir for 8 weeks in children with chronic HCV infection enrolled in the ongoing phase 2/3 DORA study. The SVR12 was high, according to Dr. Ghany, at 96% overall, and consistent across age cohorts from 3 to less than 12 years of age.
“In the near future, we should have a safe and effective regimen (approved) for children 3 years or older,” Dr. Ghany said. “I think this will serve us well, as we try to eliminate HCV in children, who number up to 5 million cases worldwide.”
A short course of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir is approved for patients with HCV and compensated cirrhosis, and data to support that was presented last year at The Liver Meeting; however, data were not presented on patients with genotype 3, the most difficult-to-treat genotype, Dr. Ghany said. That gap was filled at this year’s meeting with a report (Abstract LP9) showing SVR12 rates of 98.4% per protocol and 95.2% in intention-to-treat analysis.
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