The Food and Drug Administration has approved Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil) for the treatment of acute uncomplicated influenza in people aged 12 years or older who have been symptomatic for 48 hours or less.
The FDA approval is based on results from two randomized, clinical trials. In both trials, patients who received Xofluza experienced a shorter duration until alleviation of symptoms, compared with patients who received a placebo. In the second trial, patients who received Xofluza and patients who received another approved antiviral influenza medication experienced similar durations until symptom alleviation.
“When treatment is started within 48 hours of becoming sick with flu symptoms, antiviral drugs can lessen symptoms and shorten the time patients feel sick. Having more treatment options that work in different ways to attack the virus is important because flu viruses can become resistant to antiviral drugs,” Debra Birnkrant, MD, director of the Division of Antiviral Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, said in a press release.
The most common adverse events associated with Xofluza were diarrhea and bronchitis.
“This is the first new antiviral flu treatment with a novel mechanism of action approved by the FDA in nearly 20 years,” FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, added. “With thousands of people getting the flu every year, and many people becoming seriously ill, having safe and effective treatment alternatives is critical. This novel drug provides an important, additional treatment option.”
Find the full press release on the FDA.