BACKGROUND: Medicare patients account for approximately 50% of hospital days. Hospitalization in older adults often results in poor outcomes.
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility and impact of using Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE) quality indicators (QIs) as a therapeutic intervention to improve care of hospitalized older adults.
DESIGN: Post-test only prospective intervention with a nonequivalent retrospective control group.
SETTING: Large tertiary hospital in the greater New York Metropolitan area.
PATIENTS: Hospitalized patients, 75 and over, admitted to medical units.
INTERVENTION: A checklist, comprised of four ACOVE QIs, administered during daily interdisciplinary rounds: venous thrombosis prophylaxis (VTE) (QI 1), indwelling bladder catheters (QI 2), mobilization (QI 3), and delirium evaluation (QI 4).
MEASUREMENTS: Variables were extracted from electronic medical records with QI compliance as the primary outcome, and length of stay (LOS), discharge disposition, and readmissions as secondary outcomes. Generalized linear mixed models for binary clustered data were used to estimate compliance rates for each group (intervention group or control group) in the postintervention period, along with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals.
RESULTS: Of the 2,396 patients, 530 were on an intervention unit. In those patients not already compliant with VTE, the compliance rate was 57% in intervention vs. 39% in control (P less than .0056). For indwelling catheters, mobilization, and delirium evaluation, overall compliance was significantly higher in the intervention group 72.2% vs. 54.4% (P = .1061), 62.9% vs. 48.2% (P less than .0001), and 27.9% vs. 21.7% (P = .0027), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates the feasibility and effectiveness of integrating ACOVE QIs to improve the quality of care in hospitalized older adults.
Also in JHM
Use of simulation to assess incoming interns’ recognition of opportunities to choose wisely
AUTHORS: Kathleen M. Wiest, Jeanne M. Farnan, MD, MHPE, Ellen Byrne, Lukas Matern, Melissa Cappaert, MA, Kristen Hirsch, Vineet M. Arora, MD, MAPP
Clinician attitudes regarding ICD deactivation in DNR/DNI patients
AUTHORS: Andrew J. Bradley, MD, Adam D. Marks, MD, MPH
Using standardized patients to assess hospitalist communication skills
AUTHORS: Dennis T. Chang, MD, Micah Mann, MD, Terry Sommer, BFA, Robert Fallar, PhD, Alan Weinberg, MS, Erica Friedman, MD
Techniques and behaviors associated with exemplary inpatient general medicine teaching: An exploratory qualitative study
AUTHORS: Nathan Houchens, MD, Molly Harrod, PhD, Stephanie Moody, PhD, Karen E. Fowler, MPH, Sanjay Saint, MD, MPH
A simple algorithm for predicting bacteremia using food consumption and shaking chills: A prospective observational study
AUTHORS: Takayuki Komatsu, MD, PhD, Erika Takahashi, MD, Kentaro Mishima, MD, Takeo Toyoda, MD, Fumihiro Saitoh, MD, Akari Yasuda, RN, Joe Matsuoka, PhD, Manabu Sugita, MD, PhD, Joel Branch, MD, Makoto Aoki, MD, Lawrence M. Tierney Jr., MD, Kenji Inoue, MD, PhD
For more articles and subscription information, visit.