BACKGROUND: Readmissions after hospitalization for pneumonia are common, but the few risk-prediction models have poor to modest predictive ability. Data routinely collected in the EHR may improve prediction.
OBJECTIVE: To develop pneumonia-specific readmission risk-prediction models using EHR data from the first day and from the entire hospital stay (“full stay”).
DESIGN: Observational cohort study using backward-stepwise selection and cross validation.
SUBJECTS: Consecutive pneumonia hospitalizations from six diverse hospitals in north Texas from 2009 to 2010.
MEASURES: All-cause, nonelective, 30-day readmissions, ascertained from 75 regional hospitals.
RESULTS: Of 1,463 patients, 13.6% were readmitted. The first-day, pneumonia-specific model included sociodemographic factors, prior hospitalizations, thrombocytosis, and a modified pneumonia severity index. The full-stay model included disposition status, vital sign instabilities on discharge, and an updated pneumonia severity index calculated using values from the day of discharge as additional predictors. The full-stay, pneumonia-specific model outperformed the first-day model (C-statistic, 0.731 vs. 0.695; P = .02; net reclassification index = 0.08). Compared with a validated multicondition readmission model, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services pneumonia model, and two commonly used pneumonia severity of illness scores, the full-stay pneumonia-specific model had better discrimination (C-statistic, 0.604-0.681; P less than 0.01 for all comparisons), predicted a broader range of risk, and better reclassified individuals by their true risk (net reclassification index range, 0.09-0.18).
CONCLUSIONS: EHR data collected from the entire hospitalization can accurately predict readmission risk among patients hospitalized for pneumonia. This approach outperforms a first-day, pneumonia-specific model, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services pneumonia model, and two commonly used pneumonia severity of illness scores.
Also In JHM This Month
Evaluating automated rules for rapid response system alarm triggers in medical and surgical patients
AUTHORS: Santiago Romero-Brufau, MD; Bruce W. Morlan, MS; Matthew Johnson, MPH; Joel Hickman; Lisa L. Kirkland, MD; James M. Naessens, ScD; Jeanne Huddleston, MD, FACP, FHM
Prognosticating with the Hospital-Patient One-year Mortality Risk score using information abstracted from the medical record
AUTHORS: Genevieve Casey, MD, and Carl van Walraven, MD, FRCPC, MSc
Automating venous thromboembolism risk calculation using electronic health record data upon hospital admission: The Automated Padua Prediction Score
AUTHORS: Pierre Elias, MD; Raman Khanna, MD; Adams Dudley, MD, MBA; Jason Davies, MD, PhD; Ronald Jacolbia, MSN; Kara McArthur, BA; Andrew D. Auerbach, MD, MPH, SFHM
The value of ultrasound in cellulitis to rule out deep venous thrombosis
AUTHORS: Hyung J. Cho, MD, and Andrew S. Dunn, MD, SFHM
Hospital medicine and perioperative care: A framework for high quality, high value collaborative care
AUTHORS: Rachel E. Thompson, MD, MPH, SFHM; Kurt Pfeifer, MD, FHM; Paul Grant, MD, SFHM; Cornelia Taylor, MD; Barbara Slawski, MD, FACP, MS, SFHM; Christopher Whinney, MD, FACP, FHM; Laurence Wellikson, MD, MHM; Amir K. Jaffer, MD, MBA, SFHM