Both of the antibiotics were popular from the 1950s on, but gradually fell out of favor as more powerful therapies were developed. However, as antibiotic resistance began to develop, infectious disease specialists began to support bringing nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin out of mothballs. In 2011, a panel of international experts convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) recommended both of the medications as first-line therapy for women with acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis.
The group recommended fosfomycin in a single 3-gram dose and a nitrofurantoin regimen of 100 mg twice daily for 5 days. The fosfomycin recommendation is clearly inadequate, Dr. Huttner said.
“Fosfomycin is not a bad drug. I just think it’s underdosed in this setting,” she said.
Dr. Huttner had no financial disclosures.
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