ORLANDO – As dizzying as the alphabet soup of payment reform might seem – with its swirl of new incentives, alignments, and models – hospitalists should already be familiar with many of its main ideas, said keynote speaker Kate Goodrich, MD, director of the Center for Clinical Standards and Quality at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
That makes hospitalists poised to help reform a U.S. health care system with the dubious pairing of staggering costs and poor outcomes, Dr. Goodrich told a packed ballroom on Monday at the annual meeting of the Society of Hospital Medicine.
Many of the measures involved in payment reform – with its Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA), and Advanced Payment Models (APMs) – focus on outpatient and ambulatory care, Dr. Goodrich acknowledged. But it’s also about medical systems, she said.
“What do you focus on as hospitalists? Improving systems of care,” she said. “We focus on clinical care for our individual patient, but part of our job is also to think about it in terms of how do I improve the care across my hospital system?”
One aspect of reform that is most likely to directly affect hospitalists is the facility-based measurement part of the Quality Payment Program, slated to take effect in 2019. If participating in MIPS – the payment model in which clinicians can receive an increase or decrease in payments based on performance measured by data on quality, cost, and other factors – clinicians can choose to have their hospital’s quality measures count toward their MIPS quality score. The facility measurement was developed in part after conversations between CMS and SHM, Dr. Goodrich said.
“Many stakeholders are very excited about this possibility for a couple of reasons: No. 1, there would be absolutely no quality-reporting burden for you if you chose to do that,” she said. “No. 2, it really aligns the incentives between you and the hospital that you’re working in. Because, after all, we are all in this together. And some folks have felt like they aren’t always aligned with the incentives of the hospital that they are working with, or working for.”