Oral Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) as Effective as IV PPIs in Peptic Ulcer Bleeding


Clinical question: In patients with peptic ulcer bleeding, are oral PPIs of equal benefit to intravenous PPIs?

Background: PPI therapy has been shown in several studies to reduce re-bleeding risk in patients when used adjunctively for peptic ulcer bleeding. In spite of this data, there is still uncertainty about the optimal dose and route of administration.

Study design: Meta-analysis of prospective, randomized control trials.

Setting: OVID database search in June 2012.

Synopsis: A literature search identified six prospective randomized control trials. Overall, 615 patients were included across the six trials. No significant difference in risk of re-bleeding was discovered between the two groups (8.6% oral vs. 9.3% IV, RR: 0.92, 95% CI: 0.56–1.5). Length of hospital stay was statistically significantly lower for oral PPIs (-0.74 day, 95% CI: -1.10 to -0.39 day).

Because these findings are based on a meta-analysis of studies with notable flaws—including lack of blinding—it is difficult to draw any definitive conclusions from this data. Hospitalists should use care before changing their practice patterns, given the risk of bias and need for further study.

Bottom line: Oral PPIs may reduce hospital length of stay without an increased risk of re-bleeding; however, further study with a well-powered, double-blind, randomized control trial is necessary.

Citation: Tsoi KK, Hirai HW, Sung JJ. Meta-analysis: Comparison of oral vs. intravenous proton pump inhibitors in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013;38(7):721-728.

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