--- Welcome Remarks: Doug Carlson, MD, FAAP, chief of pediatric hospital medicine programs, St. Louis Children’s Hospital
--- The Next Phase of Delivery System Reform: Patrick Conway, MD, MSc, FAAP, MHM, deputy administrator for innovation and quality, CMO for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
--- Hospitals and Health Systems: What’s on the Mind of Your CEO?: David J. Bailey, MD, MBA, president and CEO, the Nemours Foundation; Steve Narang, MD, MHCM, CEO, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, Ariz.; Jeff Sperring, MD, FAAP, president and CEO, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indianapolis.
PHM 2014 began to heat up in steamy Orlando, as Dr. Carlson, chair of the PHM 2014 Organizing Committee, welcomed more than 800 pediatric hospitalists at the four-day annual meeting dedicated to pediatric hospital medicine.
Dr. Conway, a pediatric hospitalist prior to joining CMS, updated the crowd of ongoing reforms in the U.S. healthcare delivery system, with a focus on pediatrics. Healthcare delivery, Dr. Conway asserted, needs to move from an unsustainable, volume-driven, fee-for-service system to a people-centered, sustainable system where payment can be shaped by value-based purchasing, ACO-shared savings, and episode-based payments.
“Pediatrics,” Dr. Conway said, “is a leader in patient and family engagement, and population health.”
As such, the six goals of the CMS Quality Strategy align well with ongoing PHM efforts:
- Make care safer by reducing harm caused in care delivery;
- Strengthen patient and family engagement as partners in their care;
- Promote effective communication and coordination of care;
- Promote effective prevention and treatment of chronic disease;
- Work with communities to promote healthy living; and
- Make care affordable.
Citing Maryland as an example, where a plan is being considered to shift 80% of hospital revenues to global models by 2018, Dr. Conway painted a picture of a rapidly-shifting reimbursement landscape that will soon be dominated by value-based purchasing, penalties for readmissions and healthcare-acquired conditions, and increasing emphasis on bundled payments, ACOs, and primary care medical homes.
“Hospitals are getting paid to keep people out of the hospital,” he said, and concurrently per capita spending on healthcare is now at historic lows. While pediatric quality measures are not as mature as those for adult patients, many opportunities for increasing value in pediatric care have been developed, such as the Choosing Wisely campaign and the Value in Inpatient Pediatrics (VIP) network.
Although not restricted to pediatrics, the CMS Partnership for Patients also aims to have a major impact on child health. Goals of a 40% reduction in HACs and 20% reduction in preventable 30-day readmissions have been set by the Partnership, with specific focus on 10 core patient-safety areas. Preliminary data have been promising, with a 9% reduction in HACs between 2010 and 2012 across all measures.
“This is a historical reduction,” said Dr. Conway, representing more than 500,000 patient harm events avoided, over 15,000 lives saved, and more than $4 billion in cost savings.
Within pediatrics, a number of research efforts have added to this reduction, including the Pediatric Research in Inpatient Settings (PRIS) Network, PHIS+, I-PASS, as well as several collaborative improvement networks.
Looking to the future, Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program will continue to focus on quality initiatives and system transformation. These will include developing more pediatric-focused quality measures, improving health information technology, and continuing to award innovation in pediatrics. Pediatrics will continue to be a leader in these efforts, Dr. Conway said, because “we should care about longer time horizons.”
Four healthcare system CEOs also took the stage to answer questions from the audience, with Mark Shen, MD, president of Dell Children’s Medical Center, posing questions like a seasoned talk-show host. Panel members fielded a wide range of questions, including:
— How did you become a CEO?
“All I had to do was keep on saying ‘yes,’” Dr. Bailey said.
— What are you doing as a CEO to move from a fee-for-service system to a population-based system?
“We are still living in two different worlds…It depends on ACO penetration whether quality or volume will be the driver over the next 3-5 years,” Dr. Narang said.
“We have to create an accountable health community,” Dr. Shen said.
“The question is, how can you build a model that will allow you to flip the switch when this change occurs?” Dr. Sperring said.
— What is the role of hospitalists as care progresses from the most intensive but sometimes least appropriate site?
“I think the environment will drastically change, but there will be an ever enlarging role for hospitalists. … Hospitalists will likely be moving to LTACs, SNFs, even outpatient work.” Dr. Bailey said.
— If PHM fellowship becomes a requirement, will your hospital fund them?
“It’s hard to define what we do, but we know there are core competencies. … I don’t think we’re going to be at a point where certification will limit being a hospitalist any time soon,” Dr. Shen said.
— How can we make health care pricing more transparent?
“Why is it that in other industries, things are getting cheaper and higher quality, but in healthcare we seem to be going in the opposite direction?” Dr. Bailey said. “There has to be transparency for the patient. How about transparency for the provider? Every EMR should have a price for everything your order.”
— What do you think we can do to get more women into executive roles?
“Based on the percentages of women in medical school, residencies, and fellowships, I think it is inevitable that women will be the future leaders for our system,” Dr. Sperring said.
— What are the three most important things from a CEO perspective that a hospitalist should know?
“You have to have self-awareness…as a leader, are you a listener, are you a delegator?” Dr. Bailey said.
“Know where your organization wants to go,” Dr. Sperring said.
Dr. Chang is associate clinical professor of medicine and pediatrics at the University of California at San Diego School of Medicine, and a hospitalist at both UCSD Medical Center and Rady Children’s Hospital. He is pediatric editor of The Hospitalist.