With a record number of attendees, Pediatric Hospital Medicine 2013 (PHM) swept into New Orleans last month, carrying with it unbridled enthusiasm about the past, present, and future.
Virginia Moyer, MD, MPH, vice president for maintenance of certification and quality for the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) and professor of pediatrics and chief of academic general pediatrics at Texas Children’s Hospital, delivered a keynote address to 700 attendees that focused on the challenges and opportunities of providing evidence-based, high-quality care in the hospital, as well as ABP’s role in meeting these challenges.
“If evidence-based medicine is an individual sport,” Dr. Moyer said, “then quality improvement is a team sport.”
Barriers to quality improvement (QI)— such as lack of will, lack of data, and lack of training—can be surmounted in a team environment, she said. ABP is continuing in its efforts to support QI education through its Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part 4 modules, as well as other educational activities.
Other highlights of the 10th annual Pediatric Hospital Medicine meeting:
- The addition of a new “Community Hospitalists” track was given high marks by those in attendance. It covered such topics as perioperative management of medically complex pediatric patients, community-acquired pneumonia, and osteomyelitis.
- A 10-year retrospective of pediatric hospital medicine was given by a panel of notable pediatric hospitalists, including Erin Stucky Fisher, MD, FAAP, MHM, chief of hospital medicine at Rady Children’s Hospital in San Diego; Mary Ottolini, MD, MPH, chief of hospital medicine at Children’s National Medical Center in Washington; Jack Percelay, MD, MPH, FAAP, associate clinical professor at Pace University; and Daniel Rauch, MD, FAAP, pediatric hospitalist program director at the NYU School of Medicine in New York City. A host of new programs has been established by the PHM community, including the Quality Improvement Innovation Networks (QuIIN); the Value in Pediatrics (VIP) network; the International Network for Simulation-Based Pediatric Innovation, Research, and Education (INSPIRE); patient- and family-centered rounds; and the I-PASS Handoff Program. The panel also discussed future challenges, including reduction of unnecessary treatments, interfacing, and perhaps incorporating “hyphen hospitalists,” and learning from advances made by the adult HM community.
- The ever-popular “Top Articles in Pediatric Hospital Medicine” session was presented by H. Barrett Fromme, MD, associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Chicago, and Ben Bauer, MD, director of pediatric hospital medicine at Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health in Indianapolis, which was met with raucous approval by the audience. The presentation not only educated those in attendance about the most cutting-edge pediatric literature, but it also included dance moves most likely to attract the opposite sex and clothing appropriate for the Australian pediatric hospitalist.
- The three presidents of the sponsoring societies—Thomas McInerney, MD, FAAP, of the American Academy of Pediatrics, David Keller, MD, of the Academic Pediatric Association, and Eric Howell, MD, SFHM, of SHM—presented each society’s contributions to the growth of PHM, as well as future areas for cooperative sponsorship. These include the development of the AAP Section of Hospital Medicine Library website (sohmlibrary.org), the APA Quality Scholars program, and SHM’s efforts to increase interest in hospital medicine in medical students and trainees. “Ask not what hospital medicine can do for you,” Dr. Howell implored, “ask what you can do for hospital medicine!”
- Members of the Joint Council of Pediatric Hospital Medicine (JCPHM) presented the recent recommendations of the council arising from an April 2013 meeting with the ABP in Chapel Hill, N.C. Despite acknowledgements that no decision will be met with uniform satisfaction by all the stakeholders, the JCPHM concluded that the path that would best advance the field of PHM, provide for high-quality care of hospitalized children, and ensure the public trust would be a two-year fellowship sponsored by ABP. This would ultimately lead to approved certification eligibility for fellowship graduates by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS); it would also make provisions for “grandfathering” in current pediatric hospitalists. Concerns from med-peds, community hospitalists, and recent residency graduate communities were addressed by the panel.
- A recurrent theme of reducing unnecessary treatments, interventions, and, perhaps, hospitalizations was summarized eloquently by Alan Schroeder, MD, director of the pediatric ICU and chief of pediatric inpatient care at Santa Clara (Calif.) Valley Health. Barriers to reducing unnecessary care can be substantial, including pressure from families, pressure from colleagues, profit motive, and the “n’s of 1,” according to Dr. Schroeder. Ultimately, however, avoiding testing and treatments that have no benefit to children will improve care. “Ask, ‘How will this test benefit my patient?’ not ‘How will this test change management?’” Dr. Schroeder advised.
Dr. Chang is The Hospitalist’s pediatric editor and a med-peds-trained hospitalist working at the University of California San Diego and Rady Children’s Hospital.