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HM12 Session Analysis: Economics of Hospital Medicine and the Changing Value Proposition


 

The key word in the title of this Tuesday session at HM12 was "change." In 50 years, healthcare expenditures will consume 50% of the U.S. national GDP. Change in hospital medicine has to happen to accommodate this.

Robert Bessler, a former economics graduate, kept the talk interesting and simple enough even for a non-financial physician like myself. As everyone knows, the cost of health care is rapidly rising and will likely be unsustainable. Bressler described hospital medicine economic management as being made up of "three legs of a stool": These legs are the cost of healthcare, the quality of healthcare, and access to healthcare.

Two important occurrences that complicate quality are the aging baby boomers and the obesity epidemic hitting Americans. Access represents the second leg of the "stool," and it's extremely shaky. The demand for care will eventually exceed the professionals ability to provide it, as more patients become insured and some hospitals go bankrupt (an estimated 15% will do so in the next eight years), said Bressler.

Hospitalists will play a major role in the future in the financial health of medical institutions, the third leg of the stool. Bessler called hospitalists the "pit crew leaders" and our turf encompasses "accountable" acute-care episodes.

Takeaways

  • The cost of healthcare is unsustainable.
  • Quality will play a key role in decreasing costs.
  • Access to healthcare will be constrained.
  • Accountable acute-care episodes are on hospitalist "turf."

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