Citation: Mitchell SL, Miller SC, Teno JM, Kiely DK, Davis RB, Shaffer ML. Prediction of 6-month survival of nursing home residents with advanced dementia using ADEPT vs hospice eligibility guidelines. JAMA. 2010;304(17):1929-1935.
Residents Concerned about How New ACGME Duty-Hour Restrictions Will Impact Patient Care and Education
Clinical question: How do residents believe the forthcoming revised ACGME Rules for Supervision and Duty Hours will impact their residency?
Background: On July 1, revised ACGME duty-hour rules go into effect, limiting PGY-1 residents to 16-hour duty periods and PGY-2 and above to 28 hours. The effect these recommendations will have on patient care and resident education is unknown.
Study design: Twenty-question electronic, anonymous survey.
Setting: Twenty-three medical centers in the U.S., including residents from all disciplines and years in training.
Synopsis: Twenty-two percent of residents responded to the survey (n=2,521). Overall, 48% of residents disagreed with this statement: “Overall the changes will have a positive effect on education,” while only 26% agreed. Approximately half of those surveyed agreed that the revisions would improve their quality of life, but the same percentage also believed the revisions would increase the length of their residencies.
Residents reacted negatively to the idea that the proposed changes would improve patient safety and quality of care delivered, promote education over service obligations, and prepare them to assume senior roles. In free-text comments, residents expressed concerns about an increased number of handoffs and decreased continuity of care.
While the sample size is large and diverse, results of this survey can be affected by voluntary response bias and, therefore, could be skewed toward more extreme responses (in this case, more negative responses). The wide distribution of the responses suggests this might not be the case.
Bottom line: Residents do not believe the new requirements—though they could improve their quality of life—will positively impact patient care and education.
Citation: Drolet BC, Spalluto LB, Fischer SA. Residents’ perspectives on ACGME regulation of supervision and duty hours—a national survey. N Engl J Med. 2010;363(23):e34(1)-e34.
Decision Rule Might Help Clinicians Decide When to Order Renal Ultrasound to Evaluate Hospitalized Patients with Acute Kidney Injury
Clinical question: Can a clinical prediction rule aid clinicians in deciding when to order a renal ultrasound (RUS) in hospitalized patients with acute kidney injury?
Background: RUS routinely is obtained in patients admitted with acute kidney injury (AKI) to rule out obstruction as a cause of AKI. It is not known if this test adds any additional information in the routine evaluation of AKI and if obtaining the test is cost-effective.
Study design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: Yale-New Haven Hospital in Connecticut.
Synopsis: This study evaluated 997 inpatients with AKI who underwent RUS. Outcome events were RUS identification of hydronephrosis (HN) or hydronephrosis requiring intervention (HNRI). The patients were divided into two samples: 200 in derivation sample and 797 in validation sample. The derivation sample was used to identify specific factors associated with HN. Seven clinical variables were identified and were used to create three risk groups: low, medium, and high.