Per Medicare guidelines, students (medical, nurse practitioner, etc.) can document services in the medical record. However, the teaching physician can only refer to medical student documentation associated with the review of systems and/or past/family/social history. The teaching physician cannot refer to a student’s documentation of physical exam findings or medical decision-making.
If the medical student documents E/M services, the teaching physician must verify and redocument the history of present illness, as well as perform and redocument the physical exam and medical decision-making activities of the service. The teaching physician then selects the visit level and documents service. TH
Carol Pohlig is a billing and coding expert with the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia. She is also on the faculty of SHM’s inpatient coding course.
- Guidelines for Teaching Physicians, Interns, Residents. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services website. Available at: http://www.cms.gov/MLNProducts/downloads/gdelinesteachgresfctsht.pdf. Accessed May 6, 2011.
- Medicare Claims Processing Manual: Chapter 12, Section 100. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services website. Available at: http://www.cms.hhs.gov/manuals/downloads/clm104c12.pdf. Accessed May 6, 2011.
- Medicare Benefit Policy Manual: Chapter 15, Section 30.2. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services website. Available at: http://www.cms.hhs.gov/manuals/Downloads/bp102c15.pdf. Accessed May 6, 2011.
- Manaker, S. Teaching Physician Regulations. In: Coding for Chest Medicine 2008. Northbrook, IL: American College of Chest Physicians, 2008; 279-285.
- Pohlig, C. Evaluation & Management Services: An Overview. In: Coding for Chest Medicine 2011. Northbrook, IL: American College of Chest Physicians, 2010; 323-330.
- Abraham M, Ahlman J, Boudreau A, Connelly J, Evans D. Current Procedural Terminology Professional Edition. Chicago: American Medical Association Press; 2011.