BUILDING QUALITY improvement (QI) into the healthcare process starts with education, but to date, standardized QI curriculums have not taken root across academic medical centers.
A quartet of academic hospitalists pushed the concept during an HM10 session titled “Quality Improvement Curriculum: How to Get Started and to Keep Going.” All four speakers agreed that QI “empowers providers to create change.”
The presentation was based on a 1998 book from first author David Kern, MD, MPH, FACP, professor at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore: “Curriculum Development for Medical Education: A Six-Step Process.” Some of the take-home points included:
- Problem identification and a general-needs assessment, followed by a targeted needs assessment. Combined, the two steps create a construct for an issue, such as “residents lack knowledge skills in QI,” and then hone in with such queries as “What is the baseline knowledge?”
- Goals and objectives. There is a difference between the two. Goals are broad-based with little specificity; objectives are measurable items that gauge progress.
- Educational strategies. Cognitive objectives can be taught via lectures or team-based projects; however, skill-based objectives traditionally are better taught via hands-on experience.
- Implementation, evaluation, and feedback. Many programs try to move too quickly and put something in place before fully planning out the curriculum.
“Take a step back,” said Arpana Vidyarthi, MD, assistant professor and director of quality University of California at San Francisco. “What you do in implementing your curriculum ought to be connected to what your goals and objectives are.” HM10