Bijo Chacko, MD, FHM, says the varied resources available in the multispecialty medical group in which he practices help to ensure patients receive the best possible care. The structure at Preferred Health Partners in Brooklyn, N.Y., which offers primary and specialty medical services under one roof, requires hospitalists to collaborate frequently with primary-care physicians (PCPs).
That interaction breaks down barriers, fosters communication, promotes the exchange of ideas, and ultimately improves the transition of care from outpatient to inpatient and vice versa, Dr. Chacko says.
His affinity for that environment might explain his passion for the work done by SHM’s Young Physician Task Force, and why “resources” is the word he repeats most often when describing the value of the group’s efforts. Just as experienced hospitalists can learn by interacting with PCPs and other specialists, those who are new to HM can benefit from those who have established themselves in the profession and cleared the hurdles physicians encounter early in a career, he says.
“The advantage of youth is the inherent energy that comes with it,” says Dr. Chacko, hospitalist program medical director with Preferred Health Partners, medical director of the hospitalist program at Good Samaritan Hospital in Suffern, N.Y., and a member of Team Hospitalist. “You really need that energy in your daily work routine, especially early in a career. The disadvantage is, depending on your training, you may not have the experience or been exposed to resources required to take on some of the challenges you’ll face. Hence, expanding the number of resources available to early-career hospitalists—and encouraging them to utilize what is available to them—becomes pivotal.”
Question: Two years after residency, you made the transition to hospitalist program medical director. What advice would you give to an aspiring HM leader?
Answer: Coming out of medical school or residency, you’re not provided all the tools you need to be a successful leader. Some people may achieve those skills during their training or in their first job. But going through some of the unique courses provided by SHM, such as the Leadership Academy, has been invaluable. The information, as well as the connections you make with others throughout the country, really prepares you for a leadership role and some of the challenges you may not have been taught to face in medical school.
Q: What are some of the challenges you aren’t necessarily taught how to handle?
A: Leadership roles take on a complexity of their own. You’re dealing with communications issues; you’re dealing with conflict resolution. Those are unique areas that have to be approached delicately. And one of the fundamental aspects of being a good leader is to define a shared organizational vision and set of shared values for your group that should be supported and promoted.
Q: Can you describe the vision and values you set for your group?
A: Our vision is to be the hospitalist program of choice for patients and physicians in the region. But the key aspect is, we want to provide high-quality patient care with a touch of humility. A physician who demonstrates his or her empathetic side goes a long way in what we do. Research has shown hospitalists provide efficient care—outcomes on cost savings are good. But the other issue is the patient experience, and that’s where the humility factor comes into play.
Q: How do you teach the physicians in your group to be more humble?
A: One thing we emphasize with the team is to imagine themselves or a family member in the patient’s shoes when they are communicating with them. This hits home the importance of bedside manners, and it has to be revisited at times.
Q: Any other techniques?
A: Positive feedback always translates well. We use examples from patients who say they generally had a great experience. In many cases, it amounts to a patient saying, “The doctor was able to explain things to me in a simpler language than anyone has been able to do before, or even attempted to do.” That positive reinforcement resonates well with the doctors. We also share patient scenarios where there were opportunities for improvement.
Q: Considering the demands of your leadership roles at Preferred Health Partners and Good Samaritan Hospital, why is it still a priority for you to provide inpatient clinical care?
A: The old adage is, if you don’t use it, you lose it. Because clinical care is so broad and diverse, and because it is changing so rapidly, it behooves one to stay abreast of it. Also, when you are leading members of a group, I think it’s important to walk in the trenches with them.
Q: You joined SHM’s Young Physician Task Force and served as chairman for two years. What prompted you to participate?
A: When I joined, I had already begun my leadership role as medical director and I was an early-career hospitalist, so I felt it made sense for my professional growth. I wanted an opportunity to collaborate with leading young hospitalists in the country and help shape some of the programs the (group) was working on.
Q: What issues has the group addressed?
A: Initially, the task force was focused on getting information out to early-career hospitalists and providing resources they could utilize. It redefined its section of the SHM website (www.hospitalmedicine .org/youngphysician), which now serves as a portal with information about everything from careers in hospital medicine to how to approach residency. It also introduced the Resident’s Corner (a quarterly column in The Hospitalist, see p. 25), which caters to residents and helps them make a smooth transition to a possible career in hospital medicine. The group has developed programs for early-career hospitalists at the annual SHM meetings.
Q: What major issues are on the agenda now?
A: The group is working on developing a mentorship program for early-career hospitalists, which would be a really valuable resource. The group also is working on projects to reach medical students and residents. The goal is to get them more engaged, and help them realize the diversity and rewards that accompany a career in hospital medicine.
Q: What do you see as the benefit of the mentor program?
A: The beauty of hospital medicine is there is a lot of diversity. If you have an interest in academia, quality initiatives, or research, that’s available. If you have a leadership interest, that can definitely be attained. …
But when you have someone who has had some experience in hospital medicine and can share that experience, and you can get their insights and hear about the challenges they faced and how they faced them, it can make the transition much easier. This will provide young hospitalists with pearls of wisdom and information they may not have been able to access elsewhere.
Q: So it comes back to the idea that there’s still a lot to learn, even after medical school and residency.
A: That’s exactly right. The scope of questions that can be posed or issues that can be addressed is infinite. Beyond that, someone who has already walked that pathway can help establish the fact that hospital medicine should be looked upon as a career with many opportunities, as opposed to a transition point to an alternative career. TH
Mark Leiser is a freelance writer in New Jersey.