Background: Inpatient hyperglycemia in adult patients is a predictor of poor clinical outcomes. The association of hyperglycemia and clinical outcomes in children admitted to a general community hospital has not been studied.
Study design: Retrospective observational cohort study.
Setting: A community pediatric hospital in Atlanta, Ga.
Synopsis: Review of medical records of 903 consecutive pediatric patients admitted to critical and non-critical areas took place. Of these, 542 patients constituted the study population. The study excluded 342 patients who didn’t have a blood glucose measurement. Hyperglycemia was defined as an admission or in-hospital blood glucose greater than 120mg/dl.
One-fourth of the children admitted to the hospital had hyperglycemia, most without a prior history of diabetes. The presence of hyperglycemia on admission was not associated with increased length of stay (LOS) or increased mortality. Children with hyperglycemia were more likely to be admitted to the ICU and had longer ICU LOS.
This was a retrospective study conducted at a single site whose demographics and disease spectrum may differ from those of other institutions. There were an insufficient number of deaths to make any conclusions regarding the impact of hyperglycemia on mortality. Prospective, randomized, multicenter trials are needed to better elucidate the effects of in-patient hyperglycemia.
Bottom line: Hyperglycemia is common in children with or without diabetes admitted to the hospital, and is associated with increased ICU admissions and ICU length of stay. Its connection to mortality is inconclusive.
Citation: Palaio A, Smiley D, Ceron M, Klein R, Cho IS, Mejia R, et al. Prevalence and clinical outcome of inpatient hyperglycemia in a community pediatric hospital. J Hosp Med.2008;3(3):212-217.