“The most interesting example of [CER from AHRQ] is synthesized research that shows that drugs can be as effective as surgery for severe heart burn,” or GERD, says Rowe. “This shows the promise of CER.”
So AHRQ is at work on CER projects but, says Rowe, “It needs a more serious investment.” Some in Congress agree.
New Laws, More Money
The Enhanced Health Care Value for All Act of 2007 (HR 2184) was introduced by Reps. Tom Allen, D-Maine, and Jo Ann Emerson, R-Mo, in May. This bill would provide $3 billion over five years to fund CER.
Under the legislation, the AHRQ would remain the federal agency charged with supporting CER, but a new comparative effectiveness advisory board would be established, comprising employers, consumers, healthcare providers, researchers, and others. The board would offer advice on research priorities and methodologies.
Some, including the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association (BCBSA), have called for a new executive-branch agency or a new coalition to oversee CER. Dr. Fishmann, who is serving a second term on the National Advisory Council for AHRQ, strongly disagrees. “This is evidence-based medicine,” he stresses. “AHRQ is the perfect entity for this. What an organization like AHRQ will do is look at everything and address the issue impartially.”
Quality, Costs, Results
Congress views CER as a means of saving costs in healthcare, but CER would not provide immediate savings; rather, it’s a first step toward lowering healthcare costs. In fact, House Ways and Means Subcommittee Chairman Pete Stark, R-Calif., expressed concern about “moving” CER legislation this year, because it would require immediate investment without immediate savings.
“I don’t know where you come up with that money when everyone else in healthcare is fighting for more funds,” Dr. Fishmann says of the current legislation. “But Congress can come up with the funds if they want to.”
Rowe won’t speculate on whether the House bill will pass but does say: “The appropriators and budgeters are getting ready to fund this, so that if the legislation passes the money will be there. And interest in CER is gaining in both parties of Congress.”
While legislators focus on costs and savings, healthcare professionals are interested in improving quality.
“It is a quality issue, but a better term is value,” says Rowe. “The idea is, ‘Let’s get what we pay for.’ The U.S. needs better medical outcomes, and the idea of CER is not what treatments costs less but that it’s worth it if you have to spend more if the outcomes are improved.”
And Dr. Fishmann thinks CER will change how we provide care. “It’s going to standardize the delivery of healthcare,” he predicts. “If you don’t follow these standards, someone is going to ask why not—it might be the payer, your colleagues, your hospital.” Once CER reports are available and shared with the public, he points out, “as patients get educated, and payers too, they’ll stop paying for treatments that go against the standard.”
—Emily Rowe, director of government relations for the Coalition for Health Services Research, Washington, D.C.
Hospitalists and CER
How will comparative effectiveness affect hospital medicine?
“They’re looking at ischemic heart disease, pneumonia, diabetes, stroke—all hospitalized diseases,” says Dr. Fishmann of current CER projects. “Right now, everyone is practicing their trade, and everyone is doing things differently. I think in terms of hospitalists, it clearly will affect how you treat patients, and for how long.”