The standard states that “staff are trained in the use of nonphysical intervention skills,” says Cynthia Leslie, APRN, BC, MSN, associate director of the Standards Interpretation Group at The Joint Commission, which is based in Oakbrook Terrace, Ill. “These skills may assist the patient in calming down and prevent the use of restraints and/or seclusion.”
In addition, staff must be trained before they participate in a restraint or seclusion episode and must have periodic training thereafter.
Anyone who wants de-escalation training can contact a company like CPI directly or establish in-house training teams (CPI offers an Instructor Certification Program). “This allows a cost-effective way [approximately $10 per person] to cascade training to others within the hospital who are part of care teams,” Schubert says.
Providing for the care and welfare of patients while maintaining a safe and secure environment for everyone is a balancing act that requires the involvement of a multidisciplinary hospital team, Schubert says.
“Coordination, communication, and continuity among all members of a hospital team are crucial to minimize conflict, avoid chaos, and reduce risks,” she explains. “By being armed with information and skills, hospitalists are less likely to isolate themselves from other team members or react in a nonproductive way when crisis situations emerge.
“Training will help staff to take steps to ensure that their behavior and attitudes don’t become part of the problem and increase risks for others involved. Care team perceptions of physician involvement in solution-focused interventions are important for hospitalists to fully understand so risks can be avoided.”
Karen Appold is a freelance medical writer in Pennsylvania.
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