My family and I recently took a spring break trip out west to see a few national parks. During the trip, we stayed on a family ranch in Utah. It had a wide variety of livestock, including a large number of mules and horses.
During our stay at this family-owned ranch, two things really stood out and made me think:
- The guesthouse we stayed in had an inordinate volume of collections dedicated to the science and art of raising horses and mules. Everywhere one looked you could find a wall-mounted picture, poem, or coffee table book about these species. My favorite, written by the owner of the ranch, John Hauer, was The Natural Superiority of Mules.1
- The second thing I noticed was that every member of the ranch-owning family had fairly strong opinions about which was better—horse or mule. Just to recap the biology, a horse is the product of two horses, whereas a mule is the progeny of a male donkey and a female horse. It turns out that their physical structure and demeanors are very different.
One of the oldest members of the ranch family (who I believe was a “distant uncle”) had a very strong opinion about the superiority of the mule. His opinion was based on selected facts, including that mules are “steadier on their feet” in unstable ground, require less volume and less frequent food and water, and very rarely became ill or need costly veterinary care.
Another mule-favoring family member told us how mules get a “bad rap” for being stubborn when they actually are much smarter and better decision makers than horses. She recalled a famous folklore of a farmer who took his mule out to gather materials from across a field. When the farmer and the mule approached a wooden bridge, the mule absolutely refused to cross the bridge. After much back and forth between the farmer and the mule (involving both coaxing and cussing), the farmer gave up and returned to the farm with the mule. He then took his horse on the same errand. When they came to the same bridge, the horse also hesitated but required little bargaining from the farmer to coax it to cross the bridge. When barely halfway across, a rotten board in the bridge gave way, almost sending both the horse and the farmer to their deaths in the ravine below.
The moral of the folklore is that mules cannot be coaxed (or cussed) into performing behaviors that will put themselves or those around them at risk of injury or death. Mules will stop when exhausted or profoundly dehydrated, for example, whereas a horse will continue on if ordered by their farmer, even to the point of running themselves to their eventual demise.
One of the younger members of the family-owned ranch, however, had very strong opinions on the superiority of the horse. Horses are loyal and unwavering in their dedication to please those that they serve. They will put the needs of others before themselves in most situations and therefore almost always “outperform” a mule in all respects. They are willing and (usually) able to perform in uncertain conditions, even despite some reservations. They are loyal and loving, and they have unique and inquisitive personalities, which makes them fun to raise and to ride any day.
Our family of four went on a ride with some of these animals and randomly got two horses and two mules. Interestingly, during our ride, we all did indeed notice the differences between the horses and the mules.
The horses were seemingly easygoing and quick to please, easily following cues to change direction or course. The mules were more hesitant and seemed to need to understand why they were being asked to do something before they acquiesced to the demand.
And when we approached a narrow rocky downslope, the mules were slow, steady, and confident, whereas the horses were seemingly uncomfortable and less agile. And, indeed in researching mules, they seem to have gotten a very bad rap over time (as evidenced by the term “stubborn as a mule”).
Charles Darwin actually categorized mules as an example of “hybrid vigor,” which is a rare example of when an offspring is actually better in most ways than either of its parents. Compared to its parental species, mules have more intelligence, endurance, longevity, health, speed, height, and agility. Also to their advantage, they have harder skin and hooves, allowing them to weather and endure more treacherous conditions.
With all of this newfound knowledge of the mule, it struck me what remarkable similarity some physicians have with mules and the role that these mules are likely serving within our organizations. These physicians are probably labeled as stubborn, obstinate, resistant, or impatient. But maybe they are actually intelligent, agile, and appropriately cautious. Maybe the resistance they express in the organization is serving to warn others about the rotten wooden bridges.
Similar to a ranch, most hospitals probably function best with a healthy combination of horses and mules. So if you get an opportunity, next time you encounter physicians at your hospital acting like mules, you should congratulate them and appreciate their mule-like characteristics. Recognize the contribution these types of physicians are making, in their own way, to the greater good of the organization.
After all, we can’t—and shouldn’t—all be horses. TH
1. Hauer J. The Natural Superiority of Mules: A Celebration of One of the Most Intelligent, Sure-footed, and Misunderstood Animals in the World. New York, NY: Skyhorse Publishing; 2006.