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Pediatric Hospital Medicine 2016 Wrap Up

Exclusion criteria include perinatal/prenatal/neonatal maternal fever, infection, or antimicrobial treatment; the presence of any evident infection; being technology-dependent; and the presence of congenital anomalies.

The updated guideline will aim to stratify management by ages 7–28 days, 29–60 days, and 61–90 days to provide the most appropriate and directed treatment.

It will also include a role for inflammatory markers and allow for a “kinder, gentler” approach, including withholding certain treatments and procedures if infants are at low risk of infection. An active need for observation may be appropriate for certain infants as well. These guidelines should be tailored for individual patients to provide the best care possible while minimizing risk.

Key Takeaway

An updated AAP guideline algorithm for the management of well-appearing febrile infants ages 7–28 days, 29–60 days, and 60–90 days will be coming in the near future. It will help standardize care in this population but should not be used as a substitute for clinical judgment.


Chandani DeZure, MD, FAAP, is a pediatric hospitalist at Children’s National Health System and instructor of pediatrics at George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences in Washington, D.C.

Image Credit: Shuttershock.com

Image Credit: Shuttershock.com

Promoting, Teaching Pediatric High-Value Care

Presenters: Lauren L. Walker, MD, FAAP; Alan Schroeder, MD, FAAP; Michael

Tchou, MD, FAAP; Jimmy Beck, MD, MEd; Lisa Herrmann, MD; Ricardo Quinonez, MD, FAAP

Pediatric hospitalists gathered to attend a fruitful discussion on not only how to change our way of thinking but also how to feed it forward to our trainees. The barriers to promoting and teaching high-value care are plenty and essentially universal to academic and community sites: We have had no formal teaching, there is cultural resistance, and there is lack of transparency on costs and charges.

The questions we perhaps should be asking ourselves, our trainees, and our families are:

  • “What matters?” instead of “What’s the matter?”
  • “Does that test benefit the patient? What are the harms of the test?” instead of “Will that test change our management?”

There is still a long way to go to move the pendulum to the side of value-based practice and teaching. There is still controversy on how and whether cost should be discussed with the family. Cost is more than just monetary value; family anxiety and patient harm may resonate more with families as we perfect our skills in shared decision making.

Key Takeaway

This serves as an exciting time to unite and better our understanding about why we do what we do and deliberately think about downstream effects. High-value care curriculum for medical students, residents, fellows, and even faculty is an area ripe for further research.


Akshata Hopkins, MD, FAAP, is an academic hospitalist at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital in St. Petersburg, Fla.

Image Credit: Shuttershock.com

Image Credit: Shuttershock.com

How to Design, Improve Educational Programs at Community Hospitals

Presenters: Christopher Russo, MD, FAAP; Laura Hodo, MD, and Lauren Wilson, MD

One session at PHM16 focused on ways to design and improve education within community hospital settings. It was done via a didactic session, breakout groups, and an electronic assessment tool. Facilitators included the workshop leaders and co-leaders along with current PHM fellows and educators from community and academic settings.

During the didactic session, a general background of the importance of education during times of increasing academic and community site affiliations was discussed. This included the strengths of community hospitals for learners such as “appropriate learner autonomy,” “exposure to different career paths,” and “transfer decision making.”

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