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    Nosocomial Pneumonia

    September 2, 2005

    (This chapter has been reprinted with permission from Williams MV, Hayward R: Comprehensive Hospital Medicine, 1st edition. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, in press.) Background Nosocomial pneumonia (NP) is the leading cause of mortality among patients who die from hospital-acquired infections.

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    Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Adults

    September 1, 2005

    Background Acute bacterial meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, which results from bacterially mediated recruitment and activation of inflammatory cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Bacterial meningitis was an almost invariably fatal disease at the start of the 20th century.