Clinical

2011 Resident Work Hour Reforms Had No Effect on Mortality or Readmissions

Clinical question Did the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education resident work hour reforms affect patient outcomes? Bottom line Resident work hour reforms were proposed by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) to reduce resident fatigue (and thus potentially reduce the risk of medical errors), but implementation of the work hour changes… [Read More]

Chlorhexidine Bathing Does Not Reduce Nosocomial Infections

Clinical question: For critically ill patients, does daily bathing with chlorhexidine reduce health care–associated infections? Bottom line These results show that daily chlorhexidine bathing does not significantly affect the incidence of health care–associated infections. These data conflict with data from prior research, suggesting that more investigation is needed before incorporating chlorhexidine bathing into routine practice,… [Read More]

LISTEN NOW: Monal Shah, MD, discusses exceptions for VTE admissions

Although patients with blood clots are oftentimes not admitted to the hospital, there are some exceptions. Monal Shah, MD, physician advisor for Parkland Hospital in Dallas, Texas, and the former section head of hospital medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, discusses some exceptions.

Tip-Top Tactics for Bedside Procedure Training

David Lichtman, PA, director of the Johns Hopkins Central Procedure Service in Baltimore, Md., says bedside procedure training should be consistent and thorough, regardless of whether the trainee is a medical student, a resident, a fellow, or an established physician. He is a strong advocate for training that includes well-designed computer coursework, evaluates practitioners from… [Read More]

What Is the Best Approach to a Cavitary Lung Lesion?

What Is the Best Approach to a Cavitary Lung Lesion?

Case A 66-year-old homeless man with a history of smoking and cirrhosis due to alcoholism presents to the hospital with a productive cough and fever for one month. He has traveled around Arizona and New Mexico but has never left the country. His complete blood count (CBC) is notable for a white blood cell count… [Read More]

Hospitalists Are Frontline Providers in Treating Venous Thromboembolism

Hospitalists Are Frontline Providers in Treating Venous Thromboembolism

Nearly half of all venous thromboembolism (VTE) events occur during or soon after hospitalizations.1 And who are the frontline providers diagnosing and managing VTE in the inpatient setting? “While VTE may not be the No. 1 reason for hospitalization, hospitalists very frequently care for patients with VTE,” says Sowmya Kanikkannan, MD, FACP, SFHM, hospitalist medical… [Read More]

Left Atrial Appendage Closure Noninferior to Warfain for Cardioembolic Event Prophylaxis in Nonvalvular Afibrillation

Clinical question: Is mechanical, left atrial appendage (LAA) closure as effective as warfarin therapy in preventing cardioembolic events in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (Afib)? Background: Anticoagulation with warfarin has long been the standard therapy for prevention of thromboembolic complications of nonvalvular Afib; however, its use is limited by the need for monitoring and lifelong… [Read More]

Tramadol Associated with Increased Rate of Hypoglycemia

Clinical question: Does tramadol increase rates of hospitalization from hypoglycemia compared to other opioids? Background: As tramadol use has increased in the general population, there have been multiple reports of hypoglycemia after initiation of the painkiller, including in patients with no other known risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus. Study design: Case control study. Setting:… [Read More]