Put Key Principles, Characteristics of Effective Hospital Medicine Groups to Work

Dr. Nelson

Dr. Nelson

I hope you’re already familiar with “The Key Principles and Characteristics of an Effective Hospital Medicine Group: An Assessment Guide for Hospitals and Hospitalists” [www.hospitalmedicine.org/keychar] and have spent at least a few minutes reviewing the list of 10 “principles” and 47 “characteristics” thought to be associated with effective hospital medicine groups (HMGs). (Full disclosure: I was one of the authors of the article published in February 2014 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.) Most of us are very busy, so the temptation might be high to set the article aside and risk forgetting it. But I hope many in our field, both clinicians and administrators, will look at it more carefully. There are a number of ways you could use the guide to stimulate thinking or change in your practice.

Grading Our Specialty

I just returned from a meeting of about 10 hospitalist leaders from different organizations around the country. Attendees represented the diversity of our field, including hospital-employed HMGs, large hospitalist management companies, and academic programs. We spent a portion of the meeting discussing what grade we as a group would give the whole specialty of hospital medicine on each of the 10 “principles.” Essentially, we generated a report card for the U.S. hospitalist movement.

This wasn’t a rigorous scientific exercise; instead, it was a robust and thought-provoking discussion around what grade to assign. Opinions regarding the appropriate grade varied significantly, but a common theme was that our specialty really “owns” the importance of pursuing many or most of the principles listed in the article and is devoting time and resources to them even if many individual HMGs might have a long way to go to perform optimally.

For example, meeting attendees thought our field has for a long time worked diligently to “support care coordination across the care continuum” (Principle 6). No one thought that all HMGs do this optimally, but the consensus was that most HMGs have invested effort to do it well. And most were concerned that many HMGs still lack “adequate resources” (Principle 3) and sufficiently “engaged hospitalists” (Principle 2)—and that the former contributes to the latter.

The opinion of the hospitalist leaders who happened to attend the meeting where this conversation took place doesn’t represent the final word on how our specialty is performing, but I think all involved found value in having the conversation, hearing different perspectives about what we’re doing well and where we should focus energy and resources to improve.

An HMG doesn’t need to be a stellar performer on all 47 characteristics to be effective. Some of the characteristics listed in the article may not apply to all groups.

Grading Your HM Group

You might want to do something similar within your own group, but make it more relevant by grading how your own practice performs on each of the 10 principles. You could do this on your own just to stimulate your thinking, or you could have each member of your HMG generate a report card of your group’s performance—then discuss where there is agreement or disagreement within the group.

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